The Scotch Opening in chess is one of those few chess openings where the white is expected to go on aggressive mode right from the start. The white takes on control of the center and heads the initiative in development. (If you are one of those beginner chess players who are afraid of taking the initiative right away, the Scotch opening is a great opening to practice.)
The Scotch Game normally starts with the following moves:
- e4 e5
- Nf3 Nc6
- d4 exd4
While the mainline after this is 4. Nxd4, it can also lead to Scotch gambit with 4. Bc4 or Goring gambit with 4. c3. Black can also choose from the Classical variation (4…Bc5), Steinitz variation (4…Qh4!?) or Schmidt variation (4…Nf6).
A Peek Into Scotch Opening
Ercole del Rio, in his 1750 treatise Sopra il giuoco degli Scacchi, Osservazioni pratiche d’anonimo Autore Modenese (“On the game of Chess, practical Observations by an anonymous Modenese Author”), mentioned first about this opening. It was named after a correspondence match in 1824 between Edinburg and London. By the 1900s, it fell out of favor because many chess players of that time felt, it relieved the tension too quickly and let black back into the game easily. Players’ fault? Perhaps.
It became popular with Garry Kasparov and Jan Timman who showed how the Scotch Opening can be effective against players well-adept in Ruy Lopez. It was more about the technique rather than principles. (You cannot afford to waste time with the Scotch Opening.)
The Scotch is extremely much like the Center Game where d4 opens lines up for growth and gives white early center control. From the Scotch Game, black will be able to develop simple and white should look to make the most of its special and center control.
Any chess player who likes to play 1. e4 should research the Scotch Game as there are lots of subtle traps that black can fall into which will give white an overpowering advantage. Most players expect white to give 3. Bb5 or 3. d4; they sometimes will make amateur errors, leaving the door open for white to take charge of the game.
It is also very important to research the Scotch Game as black and find out different lines and find the line that meets your playing style the best. The Scotch Game is an opening which if you are not ready you could be in a lot of trouble early on so know the key theories of the launching.
The Chess Theory Behind Scotch Opening
To make it easier for you, I am going to explain the theory behind the Scotch Opening, move by move.
If you think about it, the move e4 is just to allow for further development of the Queen and the King-side Bishop. With d4, white continues with its center control as well as allows for Queen-side Bishop development. Nf3 controls the d4 square and puts pressure on the e5 square, forcing black to react with Nc6. This is primarily the start and makes for the groundwork for an open and aggressive play for white.
Can black not thwart white’s advances? Of course, it can but it is more like trying to equalize instead of taking the initiative.
Source: chess.comYou can check the World Championship match below between the two legends, Kasparov and Karpov in 1990. A perfect example of the Scotch Opening with a novelty 8…Nb6! Black was not as prepared as white though and a few inaccuracies like 11…Bb4 and 14…cxd5 led to a stunning win for Kasparov.